Please advise me if it's offensive to quote comments like this, but a comment under my OP says that 'This question, in its current form, is more about politics than English.' While this may be, I know almost nothing about politics or philosophy or some other subject. I've asked these questions because my English is primitive and because these questions involve only English:
Don’t ever rely on what you know from other sources in answering the multiple-choice questions. They are always questions about the passage itself. If it contains falsehoods, never mind – treat them as true for the purpose of the test. (Source)
Thus, what questions can be asked here? Where on Stack Exchange would welcome them?
None of the passages are written by Mark Shepherd; they're quotes from various sources, like the BBC.